Sudan Cotton

THE COMMERCIAL VARIETIES 

Barakat ( 90 )

The major extra long staple ( ELS)  variety (33-36 mm) ,early maturing and high – yielding , The variety is comparable to traditional  Barakat in fibre characteristics , superior in both fineness and strength  ( 34-41 HVI) .

The bulk is grown in Gezira ( irrigated ,hand picked and roller ginned ).

Barac ( 67 ) Acala

It is a Medium Staple Cotton , both roller and saw ginned , the variety is known for its good micronaire  value ( 3.8 – 4.2) and bright coulor .

Albar ( 57 ) 12 and Acrain

The coarse count cottons Albar ( 57 ) 12 Known as ( Nuba ) and (Acrain)  are short staple rain – grown cottons .

Abdin

It is a fine – count cotton variety , early maturing with the following characteristics :

Ø     Highly resistant to both  bacterial blight races in Sudan ( 32 . 0 mm)    ( 33 – 37g / tex).

Ø     Higher degree of tolerance to jassid .

Ø     60% increase in yield over Shambat – B .

Ø     Staple length   32- 31 .

Ø     Micronaire 4.2 – 4.4.

Ø     Strength  33-37 ( HVI )

Hamid ( BB – 82) 

It is a medium count , high yielding , early maturing and open canopy . Hamid can be recommended for integrated Crop Management ( 28.0 mm) .

NEWLY RELEASED VARIETIES 

Sudan has recently released nine varieties two of which commenced commercial production (Abdin & Hamid) , the other seven are:

  1. Siddig ( Sudan Pima)  

It is a selection from a cross between Barakat – 90 and Pima , it is a Fusarium Wilt resistant variety ( 33 mm) .

  1. Hadi ( Okra – leaf Barakat )   

It is a selection from a cross between Barakat – 90 and Pima Okra, early maturing and high yielding ( 33 mm ) .

  1. Kheiralla  

It is a high count Acala ( HCA ) jassid resistant  excelling Nour in yield and fineness ( 29 – 31 mm) .

  1. Knight ( BB – 90)

Amedium count cultivar resistant to bacterial  blight  ( 29 – 30 mm) .

  1. Wager

It is a high yielding variety , adaptable over a Wide range of environments . Wager has  longer fibre length , and better micronaire value than Hamid .

  1. Burhan  

Suited  for  rain –fed areas more prone to late drought problems. Burhan gave average lint yield advantage over Albar(  57 )12, Almac ( 80 )15 and Acrain.

  1. Khalifa  

It is suitable cultivar for commercial production in rain-fed areas of Southern kordofan and Blue Nile regions of the Sudan . Khalifa excelled Albar ( 57 ) 12,Almac ( 80 ) 15 and Acrain for yield .