THE COMMERCIAL VARIETIES
Barakat ( 90 )
The major extra long staple ( ELS) variety (33-36 mm) ,early maturing and high – yielding , The variety is comparable to traditional Barakat in fibre characteristics , superior in both fineness and strength ( 34-41 HVI) .
The bulk is grown in Gezira ( irrigated ,hand picked and roller ginned ).
Barac ( 67 ) Acala
It is a Medium Staple Cotton , both roller and saw ginned , the variety is known for its good micronaire value ( 3.8 – 4.2) and bright coulor .
Albar ( 57 ) 12 and Acrain
The coarse count cottons Albar ( 57 ) 12 Known as ( Nuba ) and (Acrain) are short staple rain – grown cottons .
It is a fine – count cotton variety , early maturing with the following characteristics :
Ø Highly resistant to both bacterial blight races in Sudan ( 32 . 0 mm) ( 33 – 37g / tex).
Ø Higher degree of tolerance to jassid .
Ø 60% increase in yield over Shambat – B .
Ø Staple length 32- 31 .
Ø Micronaire 4.2 – 4.4.
Ø Strength 33-37 ( HVI )
Hamid ( BB – 82)
It is a medium count , high yielding , early maturing and open canopy . Hamid can be recommended for integrated Crop Management ( 28.0 mm) .
NEWLY RELEASED VARIETIES
Sudan has recently released nine varieties two of which commenced commercial production (Abdin & Hamid) , the other seven are:
- Siddig ( Sudan Pima)
It is a selection from a cross between Barakat – 90 and Pima , it is a Fusarium Wilt resistant variety ( 33 mm) .
- Hadi ( Okra – leaf Barakat )
It is a selection from a cross between Barakat – 90 and Pima Okra, early maturing and high yielding ( 33 mm ) .
It is a high count Acala ( HCA ) jassid resistant excelling Nour in yield and fineness ( 29 – 31 mm) .
- Knight ( BB – 90)
Amedium count cultivar resistant to bacterial blight ( 29 – 30 mm) .
It is a high yielding variety , adaptable over a Wide range of environments . Wager has longer fibre length , and better micronaire value than Hamid .
Suited for rain –fed areas more prone to late drought problems. Burhan gave average lint yield advantage over Albar( 57 )12, Almac ( 80 )15 and Acrain.
It is suitable cultivar for commercial production in rain-fed areas of Southern kordofan and Blue Nile regions of the Sudan . Khalifa excelled Albar ( 57 ) 12,Almac ( 80 ) 15 and Acrain for yield .